Arguably, the leaders (and some would say founders) of the industrial metal movement are Ministry, led by frontman/guitarist/producer Al Jourgensen. Born in Havana, Cuba, on October 7, 1959, Jourgensen and his family eventually relocated to the United States -- first in Denver CO, before settling in Chicago, IL. In the late '70s, Jourgensen joined his first serious band, Special Affect, which specialized in the new wave sounds of the day. But after supplying the soundtrack to an obscure movie in 1980 (Too Much Soft Living), the group split up. A year later, Jourgensen formed Ministry (taking their name from the movie Ministry of Fear), and began issuing several electronic dance singles via the newly founded Wax Trax! label.